Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud
versão impressa ISSN 0121-0807
TIGA LOZA, Diana Carolina; VILLAR CENTENO, Luís Ángel e MARTINEZ VEGA, Ruth Aralí. Disability in dengue and its relationship to the severity. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2011, vol.43, n.1, pp. 49-55. ISSN 0121-0807.
Introduction: Disability in dengue has been poorly described in the scientific literature. Objectives: We described the frequency of disability in dengue and its relationship with dengue severity. Materials and methods: A cohort study of patients with 48-96 hours of onset of fever followed at least until the sixth day. We evaluate disability related to activity limitation because of illness (total suspension of usual activities). Results: We followed 352 patients with dengue, 324(95.05%) were disabled at anytime of follow-up, 259(73.58%) patients were disabled for at least 4 days or more from the onset. Dengue cases were classified as classic in 301 (85.51%) persons and 51 (14.49%) cases as severe dengue (48 dengue haemorrhagic fever and 2 shock syndrome). The median in days of disability was 5(0-10) in classic dengue fever and 7(0-14) in severe cases (p <0.0001). The diagnosis of severe dengue was associated with a disability ≥4 days (RR: 1.92, CI95%: 1.11-3.31). Discussion: We found a considerable disability frequency even when dengue is less severe, similar to findings in Brazil, Puerto Rico and Thailand. Conclusions: The dengue disease cause disability in endemic areas and this is associated with severity. Salud UIS 2011; 43(1): 49-55.
Palavras-chave : Dengue; disability; severity of illness.