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Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud

Print version ISSN 0121-0807

Abstract

CASTILLO AVILA, Irma Yolanda; COGOLLO MILANES, Zuleima  and  ALVIS ESTRADA, Luis Reinaldo. Factors associated with the prevalence of tuberculosis in Cartagena. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2013, vol.45, n.2, pp.21-27. ISSN 0121-0807.

Objective: to determine the factors associated with the prevalence of tuberculosis in the District of Cartagena. Methods: an analytical study of cases and controls. The study population consisted of 240 people diagnosed with tuberculosis in Cartagena. Cases were defined as all people admitted tuberculosis Control program of the District. Community controls were performed to close neighbors in the same town, the same sex, with about five years old that the case, whose never had the disease and have not respiratory symptoms. Data stored in the statistical program SPSSS version 15, odds ratios were calculated to estimate the relationship between variables. Results: the study included 303 people (101 cases and 202 controls). With an average age of 35.7 years (SD = 17.9) for cases and 40.3 years (SD = 20.3) for controls. Were found as factors associated with the presence of tuberculosis BCG vaccination status (OR = 0.11 95% CI 0.05 to 0.22), having a steady partner (OR = 0.54 95% CI 0.30 to 0.96) and a family history of tuberculosis. (OR = 20.97, 95% CI 6.26 to 70.24). Conclusions: strengthening promotion and prevention programs for tuberculosis at the community and family, can improve the health status of individuals. The application of practices such as vaccination of children and preventive measures at home are needed to prevent the onset of disease.

Keywords : tuberculosis; epidemiologic Factors; Risk Factors.

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