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Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud

Print version ISSN 0121-0807

Abstract

MENDEZ R, Iván Alberto et al. Brucella spp seroprevalence in veterinary medicine students, Bogota, Colombia. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2013, vol.45, n.2, pp.39-48. ISSN 0121-0807.

Introduction: Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease related to contact with dogs and cattle, pigs and goats, the etiologic agent belongs to the genus Brucella with ten species of importance to humans, its ability to evade the immune system and survive in the phage-lysosome generate a chronic clinical picture in humans characterized by undulant fever and osteoarticular involvement. Its wide range of clinical expression generates a challenge at the time of diagnosis and treatment, for this reason, it is important the recognition of the diagnostic tests for establishing the possible contact with the microorganism. Objective: To establish the seroprevalence to Brucella spp in a sample of Veterinary Medicine students with possible occupational exposure. Materials and Methods: Observational descriptive study by means of rose bengal technique 272 sera obtained from veterinary students were processed. Results: 18.4% (50/272) of subjects were positive by rose bengal test; 28 men (56%) and 22 women (44%). Conclusion: Serology by rose bengal test in this risk population showed 18.5% of seropositive subjects. It suggests the use of effective protective barriers during contact with animals carrying the organism during training as veterinary medical students.

Keywords : Brucella; Seroprevalence; Rose Bengal Test; Occupational Exposure.

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