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Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud

Print version ISSN 0121-0807

Abstract

PERDOMO-HERNANDEZ, Mónica. Loss degree of work capacity associated with comorbidity of muscle skeletal disorders in the Disability Rating Board, Huila, 2009-2012. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2014, vol.46, n.3, pp.249-258. ISSN 0121-0807.

Introduction: Musculoskeletal disorders (MED) impact quality of life, physical condition, psychological and functional well-being. These entities generate a large number of allowances and handicaps. Objective: To explore the association of loss of working capacity with musculoskeletal disorders and other associated factors. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study based on registries and medical records. From the total (n=1427 cases), 513 had been diagnosed with MED and 240 of this requested a working capacity loss declaration to the Disability Rating Board in Huila between 2009 and 2012. Results: There were permanent partial disability in 73.3% and disability in 26.7%. An association with age (p=0.002) showed that population between 50 and 65 years old had higher loss of workning capacity. Besides, association with sex (p=0.047) identify that females had more disability prevalence (34.7%) than males (23.2%) and that comorbidity (p=0.019) with musculoskeletal disorders and depressive disorders generated greater loss of working capacity. It wasn't found a significant association with education, occupation or economic activity. During multivariated analysis, it was found a significant association with non-occupational origin (OR=4.03, 95% CI: 2.01-8.07), female (OR = 2.57, 95% CI: 1.14-5.77), and the level of technical education (OR = 12.21, 95% CI: 1.37-108,63). Conclusion: Comorbidity, older age, female, non-occupational origin and the less education were associated with greater loss of working capacity.

Keywords : disability; musculoskeletal disorders; comorbidity.

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