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Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud

Print version ISSN 0121-0807

Abstract

PINZON RIOS, Iván Darío. Forward head: a biomechanical perspective and its implications for the human body movement. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2015, vol.47, n.1, pp.75-83. ISSN 0121-0807.

The ergonomics of furniture and equipment, as well as improper posture when in a sitting position, standing or carrying some weight can cause pain or musculoskeletal complications. Within these, the forward head is a common alteration detected in the postural assessment by physiotherapists. This is often associated with mechanical changes of the neck and spine, which alters the functionality of individuals, causing disability movement as committed shoulders, temporomandibular joint mobility, respiratory mechanics, developing muscle imbalances, dizziness, vestibular dysfunction, increases the risk of fractures and is associated with painful conditions such as neck pain, dorsal pain and back pain. So the following article is intended to review the pathophysiology of forward head, from a biomechanical perspective, analyzing the implications of this postural change on human body movement, providing analysis tools for addressing physiotherapy.

Keywords : Forward head; cervical spine; biomechanical; physiotherapy.

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