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Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud

Print version ISSN 0121-0807


GARCIA CORZO, Jorge R. et al. Etiology of acute respiratory infection in children under 5 years in the provinces Comunera and García Rovira of Santander. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2016, vol.48, n.2, pp.240-245. ISSN 0121-0807.

Introduction: Acute respiratory infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years in Santander (Colombia). Viral etiology in municipalities from this department is not well known. Objective: To determine the viral etiology of acute respiratory infection in children under five years in the provinces Comunera and García Rovira (Santander) from December 2012 to December 2013. Methodology: Descriptive study in pediatric population who attended the emergency services studied. Nasopharyngeal swab samples were obtained and a polymerase chain reaction was performed with Seeplex® OneStep RV15 ACE Detection, which is a multiplex test for 15 virus. Results: 64 children were enrolled, 57,8% being boys. 26.6% of participants were under one year. Virus positivity was present in 37.5% of the samples and 75% of the positive samples were from the province Comunera. Besides, 8.3% from positive samples were co-infected with two viruses. The most common virus were Rhinovirus (29%), Parainfluenza 4 (20.8%) and influenza (12.5%). Coronavirus, Adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, Metapneumovirus and other Parainfluenza virus were also identified. Conclusions: There is a wide circulation of respiratory virus in children under five in these two provinces of Santander (Colombia). Rhinovirus was the most frequent. Human Metapneumovirus and Coronavirus were also found.

Keywords : Viruses; respiratory tract infections; child; prevalence; multiplex polymerase chain reaction.

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