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Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud

versión impresa ISSN 0121-0807

Resumen

GARCIA J, Andrés F et al. Characterization of snakebite cases attended by the drug and poison research and information center ( CIEMTO) in Medellin, Colombia during 2016. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.49, n.3, pp.450-457. ISSN 0121-0807.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18273/revsal.v49n3-2017003.

Introduction:

Snakebites continue to be a public health problem, especially in tropical countries like Colombia.

Objetive:

To characterize the snakebite cases attended by a new poison center in Medellin, Colombia.

Methodology:

A descriptive, retrospective study was carried out, reviewing the information of the Center’s database from January 1st to December 31st, 2016.

Results:

There were 117 cases of ophidian accidents, affecting 93 men (79%) and 24 women (21%), with a median age of 32 years (range: 2 to 82 years). The follow-up of the cases could be done in 55 of the 117 accidents (47%), and complications were described in 18 of those 55 (33%) patients. The most commonly reported complication was a pruritic maculopapular rash that was associated to serum administration, without differences between the several brands of anti-ophidian serum used. The death of one patient (0.85%) was documented. The genus Bothrops caused most of the accidents.

Discussion:

Our results agree with previously published data.

Palabras clave : Snakebites; animals; poisonous,Colombia; serum sickness,toxicology.

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