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Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud

versión impresa ISSN 0121-0807

Resumen

RINCON R, Diego F; MORALES L, Liliana A  y  RINCON-OROZCO, Bladimiro. Modern diagnostic methods for detection of Human Papillomavirus and cervical cancer prevention. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.49, n.3, pp.478-488. ISSN 0121-0807.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18273/revsal.v49n3-2017006.

Human Papilloma Viruses (HPVs) types present in mucosa and classified as “high risk” are etiologic agents of several oncological diseases as cervical cancer, anus, penis, vulva, and oropharyngeal cancer. Currently the principal method of screening used in Colombia for detecting cervical cancer is cervical cytology, which presents a moderate coverage in the population and sensitivity close to 50%. The objetive of this work is to describe new techniques for detection of Human Papillomavirus and cancer prevention for these viruses. We carried out a literature review of the cutting edge diagnostic methods for HPV viral infection. Cervical cytology is a highly specific resource, low-cost but low sensitivity for preventing cervical cancer, which can be supplemented with the modern technologies checked in order to obtain an early diagnosis of HPV as an etiologic agent of those malignancies.

Palabras clave : Human Papilloma Virus; Molecular diagnosis; malignant transformation; chronic infection.

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