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Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud

Print version ISSN 0121-0807

Abstract

HERNANDEZ-SANCHEZ, Jacqueline et al. Theoretical and practical trends of health promotion in schools in Latin America. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2019, vol.51, n.2, pp.155-168. ISSN 0121-0807.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18273/revsal.v51n2-2019007.

Introduction:

For many years it has been recognized that one of the most important scenarios to promote health is the school environment.

Objective:

To analyze the theoretical and practical trends of health promotion in the school environment in Latin America.

Methods:

Narrative review based on scientific literature published between 2007 and 2017 and linked in the databases Scielo, Redalyc, Lilacs and Ebsco.

Results:

The search yielded a total of 182 articles and 75 studies were selected that met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed. There is a vision of the school as a favorable place for health care for schoolchildren, intersectoral work, policy development, knowledge and environments, as well as a relationship with education for self-care and the promotion of lifestyles. The tendency in terms of practices is to act in lifestyles from the health sector with a biologicist and hygienist approach.

Conclusions:

There is a gap between theory and practice because although broad perspectives of health promotion in the school setting are mentioned, the interventions are framed in the biomedical model, with a focus on risk and with incipient participation of the education sector.

Keywords : Health promotion; school health services; practice; trends; health programs and plans; students; education.

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