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Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud

Print version ISSN 0121-0807


HERNANDEZ-SANCHEZ, Jacqueline et al. Theoretical and practical trends of health promotion in schools in Latin America. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2019, vol.51, n.2, pp.155-168. ISSN 0121-0807.


For many years it has been recognized that one of the most important scenarios to promote health is the school environment.


To analyze the theoretical and practical trends of health promotion in the school environment in Latin America.


Narrative review based on scientific literature published between 2007 and 2017 and linked in the databases Scielo, Redalyc, Lilacs and Ebsco.


The search yielded a total of 182 articles and 75 studies were selected that met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed. There is a vision of the school as a favorable place for health care for schoolchildren, intersectoral work, policy development, knowledge and environments, as well as a relationship with education for self-care and the promotion of lifestyles. The tendency in terms of practices is to act in lifestyles from the health sector with a biologicist and hygienist approach.


There is a gap between theory and practice because although broad perspectives of health promotion in the school setting are mentioned, the interventions are framed in the biomedical model, with a focus on risk and with incipient participation of the education sector.

Keywords : Health promotion; school health services; practice; trends; health programs and plans; students; education.

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