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Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud

Print version ISSN 0121-0807On-line version ISSN 2145-8464


FERNANDEZ-RINCON, Carmen Ayde et al. The meanings of menopause, a look from the transitions theory. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2023, vol.55, e11.  Epub Nov 21, 2023. ISSN 0121-0807.


Menopause is a stage, although normal, of profound changes in a woman's life. The transition to menopause imposes a challenge on the nursing professional, aimed at promoting health, facilitating the transition and supporting the search for a solution to the needs that arise.


The present study is aimed at understanding the meanings of menopause in women from Armenia, Quindio Department, Colombia.


A qualitative, phenomenological and interpretative approach was used, based on Meleis's theory of transitions. In-depth interviews were carried out on six women from Armenia, with prior informed consent, with intentional sampling, recording, and field diary; the information was analyzed with support of the ATLAS.ti database, through coding, inductive categorization, triangulation, and comparison with the literature.


A negative perception of menopause was found due to hot flashes, restlessness, depression and sexual dysfunction; for the symptoms they resort to complementary therapies and medication, as a result, some report a calming and pleasant experience; health accompaniment networks are urgently needed for promotion and prevention, and family support. They request specific educational programs from an early age.


The results coincide with the literature regarding the experience of the participants and the need for support and guidance. From Meleis's theory, the transition is developmental, organizational, with multiple, simultaneous and related patterns. The experience was felt and lived negatively, spaces for analysis, reflection and accompaniment are needed from an early age, to deconstruct the concept of menopause and climacteric as a health problem, and address it as a vital and rebirth event, as an opening to a new way of living, with healthy lifestyles.


It is concluded that the menopause is perceived and experienced as a stage of anxiety, restlessness, sadness and hopelessness, due to the lack of accompaniment, poor education and preparation of women; "menopausal" adult women are little recognized, rejected and, many times, only tolerated by close people. Health support networks are urgently needed.

Keywords : Menopause; Climateric; Life change events; Quality of life; Nursing theory; Complementary therapies.

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