versão impressa ISSN 0121-1617
BONILLA, Alba Luz. SPACE AND SETTLEMENT IN THE CHITA RESERVATION IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE18TH CENTURY. hist.crit. [online]. 2003, n.26, pp. 77-97. ISSN 0121-1617.
This article studies the socio-spatial ordering of the Chita reservation in the second half of the 18* century. The reservation is pointed out as the institution which modeled both space and population during the colonial period. A historical retrospection is done to comprehend the changing phenomenon of the different ways of settlement and transformation of space brought about by demographic changes, pressure on the reservation due to neighboring settlements' need for land and as a result of racial crossbreeding. Simultaneously,cooperative socio-racial relations between the two groups were established which revolved around the occurrence of natural disasters, relocation of settlements, religious feasts, and labor questions, which led to the creation of an intermediate socio-spatial formation known as the parroquita or «little parish». It aróse as the expression of the synthesis of the «republic of indians» and the «republic of whites», thus bringing an end to the twofold ordering of colonial society and giving rise to a local élite which than sought to control both the physical and the social spaces.
Palavras-chave : reservation; socio-spatial ordering; settlement; indian; chita; second half of the 18th century.