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Historia Crítica

versão impressa ISSN 0121-1617


VILLAMIL CARVAJAL, Ronald. The romantic philosophy of History in Herder and its contributions to La Joven Argentina of the 19th century . hist.crit. [online]. 2005, n.30, pp.139-161. ISSN 0121-1617.

This essay is part of a larger debate on the role that European ideological and cultural movements of the 18 and 19 centuries played on political and socio-cultural processes in Hispanic American countries in the post-Independence period. Specifically, it takes the case of Romanticism; and through an hermeneutic analysis of the principal works of the father of this movement, Johann Gottfried von Herder, it seeks to examine the doctrinal bases of the formation of Romanticism as a movement, and shed light on its contributions to Universal Historiography. It describes the process by which by one of the first groups of Hispanic American Romantic intellectuals - La Joven Argentina, or Asociación de Mayo- received and appropriated Herderian and Romantic doctrines. From this base, it shows the concrete contributions of Herder's ideas and Romanticism on the intellectual, ideological and aesthetic production of two of the most representative members of this group: Esteban Echeverría and Domingo Faustino Sarmiento. Lastly, it establishes the importance of the intellectual production of these two figures for the political reorganization of the country and the formation of Argentine national identity in the mid-19th century, after the fall in 1852 of Rosas-era federalism.

Palavras-chave : Historiography; historiology; literary history; philosophy of history; Neoclassicism; Enlightenment; Romanticism; Liberalism; Providence; progress; tradition; Nationalism; Herder; Asociación de Mayo; Echeverría; Sarmiento.

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