Print version ISSN 0121-1617
ZUNIGA NUNEZ, Mario. WOUNDED MEMORY: EL SALVADOR'S CIVIL WAR IN THE CHILDHOOD MEMORY OF A GANG MEMBER. hist.crit. [online]. 2010, n.40, pp. 60-83. ISSN 0121-1617.
This article analyzes the childhood memory of a gang member who grew up, from the mid-1970s through the 1980s, in the middle of El Salvador's civil war. Hector, the pseudonym I gave him, was a guerillero, soldier, emigrant, and also, when he became a teenager, a gang member. His story reflects a large number of historical processes. The aim of this article is to analyze this simultaneity of processes as a totality present in the life story of this person. To do so, I present Hector's testimony, framed in the context of the civil war. Then I use various concepts (like memory, violence, and institutionalization) to understand the story within the network of social relations in El Salvador.
Keywords : Memory; gangs; childhood; civil war; El Salvador.