Print version ISSN 0121-1617
MONTERO, Mercedes. THE FIRST STEPS TOWARD EQUALITY: WOMEN AND THE UNIVERSITY IN SPAIN (1910-1936). hist.crit. [online]. 2010, n.40, pp. 148-168. ISSN 0121-1617.
At the turn of the twentieth century, Spain experienced a social and intellectual conflict between Catholics and those who believed in the separation of the Church and State. In 1910, after 40 years of struggle, women were officially allowed to attend universities. This achievement placed them at the center of both of the above-mentioned currents of thought. Each side supported the educational efforts of women as an essential component of their projects of political and social regeneration. This educational support, however, differed significantly from the role that they considered women should play in public life. Based on a thorough study of the literature on the subject, this article shows that the formative project of both groups, as well as their initial assumptions, were very similar.
Keywords : Women; university; public life; Spain; early-twentieth century.