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Historia Crítica

versão impressa ISSN 0121-1617

Resumo

DEBORA C., D’Antonio  e  EIDELMAN, Ariel. ¡Put the revolutionaries on trial! Penal repression and the special court of the judiciary in Argentina (1971-1973). hist.crit. [online]. 2018, n.67, pp.45-66. ISSN 0121-1617.  http://dx.doi.org/10.7440/histcrit67.2018.03.

This article examines the creation and functioning of a specific tool of the ordinary judicial branch of the State, whose main objective was the persecution and repression of political crimes in Argentina between 1971 and 1973. It maintains that this special court directly helped to legitimize State repression under a military dictatorship. The Cámara Federal en lo Penal de la Nación was established in the context of a strong social radicalization and the activities of guerrilla groups. It jointly analyzes the social and professional profiles, age and gender of the activists who were in the sights of this repressive apparatus and the materials which were seized in the framework of the judicial investigations. It concludes that this was an original repressive strategy, and while it was mainly focused on the members of guerrilla groups, it also sanctioned and convicted other social and trades union activists.

Palavras-chave : Argentina.; political repression; judicial branch; the left..

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