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Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia

Print version ISSN 0121-246X

Abstract

MARCOVICH, Isabella et al. DENTAL MORPHOLOGY ANALYSIS OF AFRO-COLOMBIAN SCHOOLCHILDREN FROM VILLA RICA, CAUCA, COLOMBIA. Rev Fac Odontol Univ Antioq [online]. 2012, vol.24, n.1, pp.37-61. ISSN 0121-246X.

INTRODUCTIONthe study of dental morphology allows establishing the evolutionary state (biological distance and crossbreeding status) of a community, offering information on its ethno-historical processes (in this case a Colombian population) within the anthropological, dental, and forensic contexts. METHODS: this was a quantitative, transversal, descriptive study with the intention of establishing dental morphology by means of the Asudas system (Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System) based on thirteen crown morphologic dental traits (winging, crowding, shovel-shaped central incisors, shovel-shaped lateral incisors, double shoveling, Carabelli's cusp, hypocone reduction, deflecting wrinkle, protostylid, cusp pattern, cusp number, cusp 6, and cusp 7) RESULTSsignificant frequencies of these traits were observed: Carabelli's cusp, configuration of cuspid patterns X5 and X6 (LM1) and +4 and +5 (LM2), absence of hypocone reduction, relative frequency of cusp 7, and low frequencies of shovel-shaped incisors and double shoveling. It may also be stated that the studied crown morphologic dental traits (CMDT) do not show sexual dimorphism or bilateral asymmetry CONCLUSIONSthe analyzed sample shows a dental morphology typical of populations of the Caucasoid dental complex; however, the influence of Mongoloid groups and biological affinities with Caucasoid mestizo groups and Afro-Colombian populations is also evident.

Keywords : dental anthropology; dental morphology; crown morphologic dental traits; biological distance.

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