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Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia

Print version ISSN 0121-246X

Abstract

CORCHUELO OJEDA, JAIRO  and  SOTO LLANOS, LIBIA. GINGIVITIS AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN PRESCHOOLERS FROM COMMUNITY HOMES IN VALLE DEL CAUCA. Rev Fac Odontol Univ Antioq [online]. 2018, vol.29, n.2, e03. ISSN 0121-246X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.rfo.v29n2a3.

Introduction:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of gingivitis and associated factors in preschoolers from community homes in 6 municipalities of Valle del Cauca, Colombia.

Methods:

analytical transverse study in 982 children from 11 community homes selected by simple random sampling; the presence of gingivitis and the community bacterial plaque index (CBP) were recorded.

Results:

a gingivitis prevalence of 30.8% and a bacterial plaque index of 41.3% (CI95% 40.4-42.5) were found. A plaque level of 2.2% was considered acceptable. The highest prevalence of gingivitis was related to the Afro-descendant population, preschoolers’ poor oral hygiene, and poor oral health knowledge among the mothers from evaluated community homes.

Conclusions:

A high prevalence of gingivitis was found in connection to high levels of bacterial plaque and the presence of caries, reflecting the health services’ poor response to preschoolers’ oral problems.

Keywords : gingivitis; oral hygiene; dental brushing; child development; oral health; dental plaque index.

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