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Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia

Print version ISSN 0121-246X


HERNANDEZ-VIANA, Stefanía; SILVA-GOMEZ, Natalia; GALVIS-PAREJA, David Andrés  and  MARTINEZ-PABON, María Cecilia. The use of analgesics and anti-inflammatories in an oral surgery service in Medellín, Colombia, 2013-2015. Rev Fac Odontol Univ Antioq [online]. 2019, vol.30, n.2, pp.166-171. ISSN 0121-246X.


dental surgical procedures trigger an inflammatory response, for which dental practitioners prescribe analgesic and anti-inflammatory medications using pharmacological guidelines that require knowledge on the use of medicines in a given environment. The aim of the present study was to identify the analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs most commonly prescribed at the oral surgery service of the Universidad de Antioquia School of Dentistry.


this retrospective descriptive study reviewed the clinical records of the oral surgery service in the period January 2013-August 2015. A total of 1,177 records were reviewed, and 709 were selected for analysis.


53.1% of the drugs prescribed were non-selective Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs). Ibuprofen was formulated in 26.7% of all cases, followed by nimesulide with 24.1% and the combination of acetaminophen plus meloxicam with 10.2%. This same prescription pattern was observed in patients reporting no additional relevant medical history. In the case of gastric history, nimesulide was the drug of choice. 84% of all procedures were surgical extractions of third molars, with ibuprofen 600 mg postoperative for three days as the main therapeutic scheme.


ibuprofen, nimesulide, and the combination acetaminophen plus meloxicam were the main analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs prescribed in this study, according to medical and surgical records.

Keywords : analgesics; anti-inflammatory drugs; medical prescriptions; oral surgical procedures.

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