Print version ISSN 0121-4004
DELGADO, Daniel R; VARGAS, Edgar F and MARTINEZ, Fleming. THERMODYNAMICS OF THE MIXING PROCESS OF SEVERAL SODIUM SULFONAMIDES IN ETHANOL + WATER COSOLVENT MIXTURES. Vitae [online]. 2011, vol.18, n.2, pp. 192-200. ISSN 0121-4004.
Sodium sulfonamides have been extensively used for the treatment of certain infections caused by several types of microorganisms. Although sulfonamides are still widely used in therapeutics, the physicochemical information about their aqueous solutions has not been completed. In this context, the thermodynamic functions of mixing three structurally related sodium sulfonamides were evaluated: Gibbs energy, enthalpy, and entropy. The quantities of mixing were calculated based on the fusion calorimetric values obtained from differential scanning calorimetry measurements and equilibrium solubility values reported in the literature for all the drugs with ethanol + water mixtures. By means of an enthalpy-entropy compensation analysis, non-linear ΔH0mix vs. ΔG0mix plots with negative slopes from neat ethanol to a 0.60 ethanol mass fraction, and positive slopes from the latter composition to neat water were obtained. From these results, it was concluded that the dissolution process of these drugs in ethanol-rich mixtures was entropy-driven; whereas, in water-rich mixtures the process was enthalpy-driven. Nevertheless, the molecular and ionic events involved in the dissolution of these drugs in this cosolvent system remain unclear.
Keywords : Sodium sulfonamides; mixing process; cosolvency; ethanol; solution thermodynamics.