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Suma Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0121-4381


TOLEDO-FERNANDEZ, Aldebarán; PEREZ-MATUS, Sonia  and  VILLALOBOS-GALLEGOS, Luis. The Big Five Inventory-2: Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Latent Profiles in a Mexican Sample. Suma Psicol. [online]. 2022, vol.29, n.2, pp.119-128.  Epub May 08, 2023. ISSN 0121-4381.


The Big-Five Inventory-2 is a recently developed instrument for the measurement of personality factors and facets, with good psychometric properties cross-culturally. We examined the validity of this test, test-retest reliability, and internal consistency in a Mexican sample. We also aimed to extract latent profiles in order to identify subgroups of individuals based on personality traits.


We recruited a two-wave non-probabilistic sample by way of chain referral through social networks. The BFI-2 (60-items version) was administered in the first wave, and the BFI-2-XS (15-items version) in the second wave. The Quality-of-Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire-Short Form was also administered. The baseline sample included 2,025 participants and the follow-up included 610.


Factor models of the BFI-2 and the BFI-2-XS evidenced satisfactory goodness-of-fit, reliability and nomological validity with demographics (e.g., higher negative emotionality in women) and with quality of life. We extracted five latent profiles from the BFI-2; those characterised by High Agreeableness/Low Open-mindedness, High Stability/Low Plasticity, and Average Stability/Plasticity, showed better quality of life.


We recommend the use of facets, aiming to reduce measurement error. Further studies with more demographically balanced samples should be performed in order to test the replication of the latent profiles.

Keywords : Personality; Big Five Factor Model; validation; latent profile analysis; reliability.

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