SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.29 issue2The Big Five Inventory-2: Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Latent Profiles in a Mexican SampleCross-cultural adaptation of the Cyber Dating Abuse Questionnaire (CDAQ) for young Mexican author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Suma Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0121-4381


BERNAL-RUIZ, Francisca et al. Working memory and planning as predictors of early mathematical skills. Suma Psicol. [online]. 2022, vol.29, n.2, pp.129-137.  Epub May 08, 2023. ISSN 0121-4381.


The relationship between executive functions and mathematical skills has been extensively studied. However, there is no consensus regarding the specific contribution of working memory and planning in the development of early mathematical skills. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive capacity of these two executive domains on preschoolers’ mathematical skills.


A non-experimental ex post facto design was implemented with a sample of 104 Chilean children. The evaluation of their executive functions was performed with the “number inversion” task of the Woodcock-Muñoz IV Battery to assess verbal working memory, the “Clumsy Mole the Clumsy Mole” subtest of the TENI Child Neuropsychological Evaluation Test to assess visuospatial working memory, and the Porteus Maze Test to assess planning. To assess mathematical skills, the Test de Evaluación Matemática Temprana Utretch TEMT-U, Chilean version, was used. Descriptive analyses, correlations and multiple regression models were performed.


Verbal working memory followed by visuospatial working memory and planning were the best predictors of children’s mathematical skills.


These results suggest that these executive functions play a key role in mathematics learning and provide specific information to educators so that they can plan their teaching strategies according to the cognitive demands required by each mathematical skill, which may be a potential way to promote better learning achievements in this important discipline.

Keywords : Working memory; planning; mathematical skills; preschoolers; regression models.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )