SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.26 issue2Experiences of teenage pregnancy explained from the social standpointMeaning, knowledge to practice nursing author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Avances en Enfermería

Print version ISSN 0121-4500


SALAZAR MAYA, ÁNGELA MARÍA  and  MARTINEZ DE ACOSTA, CARMEN. Overview of some theories in which the nurse-patient interaction is the heart of care. av.enferm. [online]. 2008, vol.26, n.2, pp.107-115. ISSN 0121-4500.

This paper reveals through three theories, the importance of interaction between nurse and patient as being the heart of nursing care. Nursing has been influenced by different perspectives: particular deterministic, interactive-integrating and unitary-transformative. In the same sense, care presents different conceptualizations. Peplau introduced the theory of interpersonal relationships as a therapeutic interpersonal process comprising three phases: orientation, work (sub-phases: identification and exploitation) and termination. King's conceptual model comprises the personal, inter-personal and social systems; from there, he derived his goal achievement theory. He defines nursing care as an action, reaction and interaction process. Travelbee proposes the person - person relationship model established after four phases: original encounter, identity emergency, empathy and sympathy which end up in the rapport or establishment of the relationship. After the overview on these theories, it can be stated that nursing bases its professional practice on a nurse - patient relationship being the nurse the therapeutic instrument and the interactions take place to achieve a goal or transaction. They have in common the concept of communication as a reciprocal process that takes place in encounter or encounter disappointment situations through which thoughts, feelings and attitudes are communicated and subjectivities are shared, which shows us care as a humanitarian task that facilitates the growth of each in-dividual in a process that differs in each case in particular.

Keywords : Methods and Theories; Interpersonal Relations; Nurse-Patient Relations.

        · abstract in Spanish | Portuguese     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License