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Avances en Enfermería

Print version ISSN 0121-4500

Abstract

CASTELLANOS SORIANO, FABIOLA  and  LOPEZ, LUCERO. Disability and culture: emerging challenge in research. av.enferm. [online]. 2009, vol.27, n.1, pp.110-123. ISSN 0121-4500.

Documentary study that reviews research on the disability culture relation. Objectives: 1. to qualify all articles published in databases since 1997 until the firs quarter of 2007 that considered the disability - culture relation; 2. to identify research trends based on articles found. Methodology: systematic search of databases: Proquest, Ebsco, Science direct, Medline, Lilacs, Index, Wilson Web and Ovid. 31 articles were selected corresponding to research results and literature reviews. Results: the number of articles found suggests that re-search on this subject matter is just beginning. In the subject matter categories we found: that 54,85% correspond to cultural influences in the experience of families and caregivers of disabled people, 19,35% to stigma and disability, 9,67% to health services and rehabilitation in disability, 6,45% to parents'beliefs on disability, 6,45% a disability in older adults and 3,22% to education of children with a disability. 61,2% of the studies have a qualitative approach, 22,5% are quantitative and 16,1% correspond to literature reviews. The findings show four main categories: cultural perception of the disability, perceptions and beliefs on the nature of the disability, role of parents and families in the disability and relation with health services. Final considerations: more research is required on disability and culture from the view of several disciplines which should include Latin American contexts that contribute to the integral understanding of disabled people of all ages and social groups.

Keywords : Disability Evaluation; Disabled Persons; Culture; Research.

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