Avances en Enfermería
On-line version ISSN 0121-4500
MORALES B, María Carolina. Between control and autonomy: sexual health policies of youngsters and women In Colombia, 1964-1991. av.enferm. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.1, pp. 130-142. ISSN 0121-4500.
Since the mid sixties sexual and reproductive health policies were formulated for youngsters and women for birth control, family planning and maternal-infant care. In the mid seventies, sexual education was established, abortion was penalized and core components of sexual and reproductive health currently known in Colombia were defined. Finally, in the 1990 decade, women's agency and students' mobilization gave way to a social and political change which meant a true preparation for the National Constituent Assembly (Asamblea Nacional Constituyente) and for their recognition as political actors. The consequential conquest of political rights was an obstacle for sexual and reproductive rights debated in the country since 1994; they were not recognized by the Colombian State. This article offers an analysis of the political components of these policies to explain the change from control to autonomy. It has two parts; in the first part, the beginning of the configuration of current sexual and reproductive policies in the country and in the second part, arising and recognition of social-political actors who promoted them: youngsters and women. The political component is highlighted as it is the core of the power movement and a determining factor in the configuration of said policies and concerns existing among youngsters and women, opposite to what has been said about these actors' lifestyle.
Keywords : public health; policy; reproduction; Colombia.