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Avances en Enfermería

Print version ISSN 0121-4500

Abstract

HERRERA LIAN, Arleth et al. Patients with Type 2 Mellitus Diabetes and their Self-Care Agency Capacity, Cartagena. av.enferm. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.2, pp.39-46. ISSN 0121-4500.

Background: Type 2 mellitus diabetes is a public health issue for the bio-psychosocial repercussions and the neurovascular and metabolic complications in the patient. Nursing plays an important role through education and training. Objective: Identify the self-care agency capacity of people diagnosed with type 2 mellitus diabetes registered in the diabetes control program in 19 primary care units (UPAs) of Cartagena. Methodology: Descriptive quantitative design in a population of 225 random adults of both sexes. The self-care agency capacity was identified with the self-care capacity appreciation scale developed by Isenberg and Everest, translated into Spanish by Gallegos and adapted by the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Descriptive statistics were used to present the data, and results are shown in tables and charts. Results: The following features were predominant: Females (88.9 %), non-marital partners (59.1 %), schooling (50.6 % completed elementary education), low income (less than a valid minimum monthly salary, 59.6 %). Assessing the self-care agency capacity resulted in 73.8 % of patients with a very good score (76-100 %, according to the scale). By assessing the aspects included in the scale, more than 50 % of people were found to always find time for them, ask about their health, examine their bodies to see if there are changes and remain in a clean environment. Conclusions: The social support received by patients with type 2 mellitus diabetes and personal and environment hygiene practices, knowledge and adherence to the diet allow patients to have a good self-care agency capacity.

Keywords : Nursing; mellitus diabetes; chronic disease.

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