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vol.32 issue1Degree of adherence to treatments in people with cardiovascular riskTo identify distractions in the process of administering medication guarantees a safe practice author indexsubject indexarticles search
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SALCEDO BARAJAS, Ariel  and  GOMEZ OCHOA, Ana Maritza. Degrees of risk for therapeutical adherence in persons with arterial hypertension. av.enferm. [online]. 2014, vol.32, n.1, pp.33-43. ISSN 0121-4500.

Objective: To determine the degree of risk for adherence in pharmacological and no pharmacological treatments in people with hypertension. Methodology: Quantitative approach, descriptive and cross-sectional study with 282 hypertensive patients was hospitalized at the Hospital Universitario de Santander. We used a validated instrument, with high reliability and path for measuring the phenomenon of adhesion, drafted by Bonilla and De Reales (2006), with the latest version proposed by Consuelo Ortiz Suárez (2008). Results: 18.4% of the hypertensive population studied is in a high risk level, 47.2% of the sample population in a medium risk and 34.4% of hypertensive patients in a low risk. 50% estimated population classified as elderly (≥ 60 years) and the proportion of men (63.1%) was higher than females (36.9%) participants in the study. Discussion and conclusions: More than 50% of the hypertensive population is evaluated on a global level of adhesion medium and high risk which is symbolized a disturbing forecast of adherence behavior in this population. Similarly, the negative impact on adherence is demonstrated when the educational level of people is low and when there are economic constraints to address basic needs, which generated an average risk grade boundary, which threatens to reach and/or maintaining behaviors consistent with adherence in this population.

Keywords : Medication Adherence; Risk Grade; Risk Factors; Hypertension.

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