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Avances en Enfermería

On-line version ISSN 0121-4500


MORALES AGUILAR, Rosa  and  FLOREZ FLOREZ, Magda Lucia. Self-care agency and cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents. av.enferm. [online]. 2016, vol.34, n.2, pp.125-136. ISSN 0121-4500.

Objective: This study aimed to determine relationship between the ability of self-care agency and cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents from a higher education institution in Distrito de Barranquilla, Colombia. Methodology: Descriptive, exploratory, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, based on the Self-care deficit theory of Dorothea Orem. 133 adolescents sample size was selected by simple random sampling. The Appraisal of the Self-care Agency (second version in spanish), the Global Youth Tobacco Survey and International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form. For the analysis of significance levels, the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for independent samples. Results: The majority of participants presented levels respectively medium and high of ability of self-care agency. According to identification of cardiovascular risk factors disease, we found that adolescents presented chances of developing cardiovascular disease to the future, given the behavior of risk factors such as obesity and sedentary lifestyle. With regard to the relationship between ability of self-care agency and risk factors, we found significant association relating the ability of self-care agency with the classification categories of blood pressure. Conclusions: The results from our study are consistent with findings of researchers who assert that sedentary lifestyle and obesity are risk factors with greater presence in adolescents. Similarly, our findings indicate that adolescents presented medium-level ability self-care agency, but we only found significant association between ability self-care agency with classification categories of blood pressure.

Keywords : Self Care; Risk Factors; Adolescent.

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