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Avances en Enfermería

versão On-line ISSN 0121-4500

Resumo

FERREIRA-SANTANA, Rosimere et al. Workshops of cognitive stimulation for elderly with low educational status: interventional study. av.enferm. [online]. 2016, vol.34, n.2, pp.148-158. ISSN 0121-4500.

Objective: To analyze the development of specific cognitive stimulation workshops for elderly with low educational status, and to associate it with functional ability performance. Methodology: This was an inter-ventional before-and-after study with quantitative approach. We used cognitive screening tests. We included 12 elderly people with low education, with subjective complaints of memory. The participants were from groups for the elderly. The analysis was descriptive and inferential. Results: Most participants were women (83.3%), who lived by themselves (41.7%), long-lived, with average of 77.4 ± 6.7 and mean of 5.5 ± 2.2 years of schooling. The most trained cognitive areas during the workshops were attention, short-term memory, and concentration. Short-term memory and language were respectively tested by the Mini-Mental State Examination (p = 0.50) and by the word evocation test (p = 0.99) without statistical significance, but with negative absolute and relative variation. There was maintenance of the ability in instrumental activities of daily living, with Lawton (p = 0.99). There was an increase in the variation of the Geriatric Depression Scale (p = 0.018), but with no clinical significance. With regard to the assessment of workshops by the elderly, interaction and participation were satisfactory (100%), and 92% of the participants felt safe in performing the proposed activities. The expression of memory improvement was seen in 92% of them with high levels (4 and 5); however, 41.7% reported dissatisfaction with the materials used in the workshops. Conclusion: The evaluations indicated stabilization of the state, therefore interventions showed to be efficient in the cognition maintenance and as a socialization strategy.

Palavras-chave : Health of the Elderly; Memory; Educational Status.

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