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Avances en Enfermería

versão On-line ISSN 0121-4500

Resumo

MEGUMI SONOBE, Helena et al. Perioperative nursing care to patients with bladder cancer. av.enferm. [online]. 2016, vol.34, n.2, pp.159-169. ISSN 0121-4500.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/av.enferm.v34n2.37465.

Objective: The perioperative nursing care planning for patients with bladder cancer needs scientific knowledge and incorporation of technology. Our study aimed to characterize the profile of bladder cancer population in a surgical unit of a hospital specializing in oncology in São Paulo State, and to analyze the nursing care made for this population. Methodology: Retrospective exploratory study, whose data were collected in 80 medical records of patients undergoing urology surgical treatment from January to September of 2008. Results: There were prevalence of male gender, in the age group from 60 to 80 years-old, with incomplete elementary school education, white people, staging cancer I and tumor resection. The perioperative nursing care includes educational interventions of self-care, procedural care as antivenin therapy, bowel's prepare, patient position, administration of drugs, monitoring of vital signs, care with catheters and drains, water control, change of shift, and routing of medical records and exams. In the specific case of patients with urostomy it is important to evaluate clinical situation and ostomy conditions; to teach the specific action of self-care, to plan hospital discharge; and to give equipment routing it to community resources. Conclusion: To give perioperative care to this population, it is necessary a planning based on scientific knowledge, permanent education and job supervision by a nurse.

Palavras-chave : Preoperative Care; Urinary Bladder Neoplasms; Surgical Procedures Operative.

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