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versão On-line ISSN 0121-4500

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FLOREZ RAMOS, José Manuel; GONZALEZ CONSUEGRA, Renata Virginia  e  GUERRA URREGO, Kennedy Arturo. Roy Adaptation Model in bed bath. av.enferm. [online]. 2016, vol.34, n.3, pp.215-225. ISSN 0121-4500.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/av.enferm.v34n3.48780.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of two types of bed bath: dry and traditional, with regard to adaptive response in physiologic mode on critical patient with cardiovascular disease. Methodology: Quasi-experimental design study, of pre and post-test intervention, made in Intensive Care Unit (icu) of Clinica de Medellín. The experimental group was consisting of 36 patients, who had a dry bed bath; and the control group was consisting of 36 patients, who had a traditional bed bath. Statistics Wilcoxon, Mann -Whitney u test, and Two-factor model was used, with repeated measures on one factor. Results: A beneficial effect during the performance of dry bed bath was found, since blood pressure and respiratory rate indicators did not present ineffective responses (p = 0,03 and p = 0,013, respectively). Moreover, duration of bath and additional care variables were satisfactory in comparison with traditional bed bath. Conclusions: The results allow recommending the use of dry bed bath on critical patient with cardiovascular disease, by virtue of beneficial effects that facilitate adaptation processes, thereby contributing to qualify nursing care in this type of patients.

Palavras-chave : Nursing Theory; Critical Care; Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures; Baths; Hemodynamics (source: DeCS BIREME).

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