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Print version ISSN 0121-4500


QUEMBA-MESA, Mónica-Paola; VEGA-PADILLA, Juan-David  and  ROZO-ORTIZ, Edwar-Jassir. Self-care educational intervention in the prevention of diabetic foot. av.enferm. [online]. 2022, vol.40, n.2, pp.296-306.  Epub Mar 16, 2023. ISSN 0121-4500.


To evaluate the changes of an educational intervention in the prevention of diabetic foot regarding the level of self-care of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Materials and Method:

Quantitative study, before-and-after type, with a sample of 79 participants. Pretest measurement included participants' sociodemographic and clinical characterization, as well as their classification in risk category and level of self-care. After implementing the educational intervention, we conducted a post-test measurement of the level of self-care.


Participants' median age was 62 years and 62% (n = 49) corresponded to female individuals. The sample reported antecedents such as tingling (n = 58; 73.4%), claudication (n = 14; 17.7%), lack of previous education (n = 25; 31.6%), and use of inappropriate footwear/stockings (n = 21; 26.6%). Half of the participants were located in high-risk categories for diabetic foot. Significant changes were identified in the level of self-care in the prevention of diabetic foot after implementing the educational intervention (p = 0.0000).


The proposed educational intervention showed improvements in the level of self-care in the prevention of diabetic foot. This intervention addressed emotional and social dimensions, diabetes self-management, and foot care. Its application in other similar populations is recommended.

Keywords : Diabetes Mellitus; Diabetic Foot; Health Education; Self-Care (source: DeCS, BIREME).

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