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Análisis Político

Print version ISSN 0121-4705

Abstract

AGUILERA PENA, Mario. Canje o Fusilamiento: Los presos políticos en las guerras del siglo XIX : Exchange or shooting: Political prisoners in XIX century wars in Colombia. anal.polit. [online]. 2006, vol.19, n.58, pp.35-68. ISSN 0121-4705.

In this article you discusses the problem of the political crime in the first place in XIX century, sustaining a novel position: the political crime had bigger width that the one that is attributed usually, because in crisis moments and confrontation the State enlarged the behaviors reprimibles against its security and existence (rebellion, asonada, etc.) punishing to the simple ones differing unarmed, to the neutrals and the indifferent ones; the repression was reflected concretely in arbitrary detentions, expropriations and discriminations. Then the treatment is examined that was given to the prisoners taken in combat, showing diverse modalities of application of the death penalty and of terrible acts made against alive and dead prisoners. Also, two modalities of the right of man are stood out that affected the prisoners, one in positive form as it was the exchange and another negative as the right he/she went to the reprisal. Lastly, some aspects of the day-to-dayness of the political prisoners are shown in the Colombian jails.

Keywords : conflict; political crime; Colombia.

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