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Análisis Político

Print version ISSN 0121-4705

Abstract

CRUZ RODRIGUEZ, Edwin. Indigenous movements and the national question in Bolivia and Ecuador: A genealogy of the plurinational state. anal.polit. [online]. 2010, vol.23, n.70, pp.125-152. ISSN 0121-4705.

In the last two decades, the project of a Plurinational State conceived by the indigenous movements caused opposition in various sectors that interpreted it as an attempt to break up the unity of their nation states. This paper analyzes the conflict between the movements and their opponents by defining the meaning of the nation or the national imagination in this period, resulting in the recognition of a Plurinational State in the new constitutions of Bolivia and Ecuador. It also examines the implications that on the Nation state it has to identify the movements as "native nations" or "indigenous nationalities" and the use of a discourse of self-determination in their demands and nation projects. Indigenous movements do not pose self-determination outside their nation states but a series of transformations and a different way of integration, which recognizes their differences and allows them to take an active role in nation building, summarized in the Plurinational State.

Keywords : Indigenous Movements; Bolivia; Ecuador; Nation; Plurinational State.

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