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Cuadernos de Economía

Print version ISSN 0121-4772

Abstract

CUYVERS, Ludo  and  SOENG, Reth. EL IMPACTO DE LOS CAMBIOS EN EL SISTEMA GENERALIZADO DE PREFERENCIAS (SGP) DE LA UNIÓN EUROPEA (UE) EN PAÍSES ASIÁTICOS Y LATINOAMERICANOS. Cuad. Econ. [online]. 2012, vol.31, n.spe57, pp.65-87. ISSN 0121-4772.

The impact of changes in the Generalized System of Preferences of the European Union, on the EU GSP imports from beneficiary countries in ASEAN and China, and Latin America respectively, and the utilization of GSP benefits by these countries is investigated for the period 1994-2007, using model specifications with unlagged and one year lagged reactions. We find that EU GSP agricultural imports are negatively affected by the changes in the EU GSP system, but these of industrial products seem to have positively reacted to changes in the EU GSP. For imports of textile products, the results are not significant. It is also found that ASEAN plus China are significantly benefiting more from the EU GSP for industrial and textile products than the Latin American countries, but the changes in the GSP had no significant different effect on both groups of countries. Our estimations also show that the graduation mechanism in the EU GSP, against beneficiary countries with higher EU market shares, seems to be effective for industrial products, but in contrast, is not working in favour of such countries for textile products. By and large, the other graduation mechanism in the EU GSP linking GSP benefits and level of development of the beneficiary country has not been effective.

Keywords : Generalized System of Preferences; trade; ASEAN; China; European Union; imports; exports; developing countries.

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