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Cuadernos de Economía

Print version ISSN 0121-4772

Abstract

JUDZIK, Darío; TRUJILLO, Lucía  and  VILLAFANE, Soledad. A tale of two decades: income inequality and public policy in Argentina (1996-2014). Cuad. Econ. [online]. 2017, vol.36, n.spe72, pp.233-264. ISSN 0121-4772.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/cuad.econ.v36n72.65871.

This article analyses the evolution of income inequality in Argentina through the decomposition of the Gini coefficient by income sources. The dynamic analysis allows for simultaneous changes in participation and concentration of different income sources to be understood. The time periods that are the object of the analysis contrast diverse macroeconomic contexts, labour market institutions and social protection policies that were implemented. The results indicate that labour income is the main driver of distributive dynamics while retirement income has also played an important role. We also find that the evolution of income distribution in Argentina is closely related to labour market institutions and macroeconomics.

JEL: D31, I38, J08, J26, J31.

Keywords : Income inequality; public policy; labour market; social protection; Argentina; Latin America.

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