Print version ISSN 0121-5051
GARCIA RIVERA, Blanca Rosa and RIVAS TOVAR, Luis Arturo. A turnover perception model of the general working population in the Mexican cross-border assembly (maquiladora) industry. Innovar [online]. 2007, vol.17, n.29, pp. 107-114. ISSN 0121-5051.
In this study, we analyze the correlation between employee turnover vs. employee profile and employee perceptions to motivation, leadership, opportunities, remuneration, adaptability and equity. The purpose of this study was to determine if the variables have a significant influence in the employees intention to leave the company. A 57-question questionnaire with Likert-type scale was used for collecting data in this study which was applied in 16 assembly companies in Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico. Data were collected to a total of 857 employees of 16 different companies in Ensenada. The research revealed a significant influence between the variables of job perception and leadership style with employee turnover. The main findings in this research reveal that turnover as perceived by the employees is directly related to fairness (equity) in the application of leadership, adaptability and relations. Even thought employee profile had a negative correlation, age and gender have a significant influence in turnover. Further subjects for future research exist as well.
Keywords : job turnover; the city of Ensenada; Mexico; employee turnover model; cross-border assembly industry; turnover.