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Estudios Políticos

Print version ISSN 0121-5167On-line version ISSN 2462-8433


PAZ JARAMILLO, Leslie  and  VALENCIA AGUDELO, Germán Darío. Unusualness the Peace Process with the Milicias Populares de Medellin. Estud. Polit. [online]. 2015, n.46, pp.263-281. ISSN 0121-5167.

Between 1990 and 1994 the government of Cesar Gaviria signed eight peace treaties; one was with the Milicias Populares de Medellín, on 26 May 1994. Despite its significance, this particular case has not been studied and is practically ignored in the relevant literature. This article describes and analyzes the peace process, dividing it into three phases: approach, negotiation and implementation. The article offers an analytical reconstruction of this case, based on the review of press and relevant literature. It shows that despite the similarities with the other processes that took place during president Gaviria`s period, this particular case can be considered as an atypical process. It implied the demobilization of an armed urban structure that did not have an essentially political origin or composition and was granted incentives that were beyond the law. In addition, the permission granted to this group to form a cooperative for private security -Coosercom- implied that the armed structure was maintained and reintegration into civilian life was incomplete, having harmful effects on the city, even a decade later.

Keywords : Popular Militia; Peace Process; Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration; Medellin.

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