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Revista Med

Print version ISSN 0121-5256

Abstract

ORDONEZ-ORDONEZ, LEONARDO ELÍAS et al. TIMPANOPLASTIA EN PERFORACIÓN TIMPÁNICA SECUNDARIA A TRAUMA POR ONDA EXPLOSIVA. rev.fac.med [online]. 2014, vol.22, n.2, pp.20-31. ISSN 0121-5256.

Objectives: To determine whether patients with perforated eardrum caused by blast injury have a worse surgical outcome than that found in patients with perforated eardrum caused by chronic otitis media Methods: This is a prospective cohort study. We compared the results in type I tympanoplasty in patients exposed to blast injury (exposed cohort), and patients with perforation caused by chronic otitis media (unexposed cohort). We included patients older than 18 years in whom the over-under tympanoplasty technique was used, using cartilage graft. We excluded patients who underwent other surgical techniques, who underwent mastoidectomy and/or osciculoplastia, those with perforations secondary to other etiologies and those with cholesteatoma. The sample size was calculated for the variable anatomical outcome, and it was 43 patients per cohort. The study was finished once we reached the proposed sample size. The main outcome was the comparison of the anatomical outcome (status of the eardrum) and the functional outcome (air-bone gap <10 dB), between the exposed and unexposed cohorts. Results: The study began in August 1, 2011 and ended on July 25, 2013. There was no association between the exposure under study and the anatomical failure, RR=4.0 [IC 95% RR = 0.47-34.35]. There was also no association between the anatomical outcome and size of the perforated eardrum ≥ 50%, anterior tympanic membrane perforation and inflammation/infection at the time of surgery [IC 95%RR included the value 1]. The patients of the exposed cohort had a RR = 1.76 for functional failure, [IC 95% RR=1.19-2.59]. Conclusion: The anatomical outcome of type I tympanoplasty is comparable between patients with tympanic membrane perforation secondary to blast injury compared to those with chronic otitis media. However, we found a worse functional outcome among patients suffering from blast injury.

Keywords : Tympanoplasty; myringoplasty; tympanic membrane perforation; blast injury; otitis media.

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