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Revista Colombiana de Psicología

Print version ISSN 0121-5469

Abstract

CARDOZO QUINTANA, IRAMA. Effects of Abuse History, Rumination, Anxiety, and Depression on the Paradoxical Contraction of the Puborectalis Muscle. Rev. colomb. psicol. [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.2, pp.31-49. ISSN 0121-5469.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rcp.v27n2.62749.

The objective of this research was to determine the effects of sexual and emotional abuse history, rumination, anxiety, and depression on the paradoxical contraction of the puborectalis muscle. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 118 patients. The results of regression analyses show that a history of sexual abuse predicts paradoxical contraction of the puborectalis muscle, depression, and rumination, besides having an indirect effect on depression and anxiety through rumination. A history of emotional abuse predicts greater anxiety and less depression. The article suggests that these results must be applied in practice and that subsequent studies should explore the questions deriving from this research.

Keywords : abuse; rumination; anxiety; depression; contraction of the puborectalis muscle.

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