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Ciencia en Desarrollo

Print version ISSN 0121-7488

Abstract

YANEZ, Luis Fabián; QUIJANO PARRA, Alfonso  and  MELENDEZ GELVEZ, Iván. Genotoxicity in human lymphocytes induced by extracts of peach, Prunus pérsica grown in Pamplonita Norte de Santander. Ciencia en Desarrollo [online]. 2017, vol.8, n.1, pp.83-91. ISSN 0121-7488.

The peach fruit species is the second most important after the apple tree in the Rosaceae. Pesticides are considered as one of the main factors of environmental pollution; They are widely used to improve food production in agriculture and to control pests and disease vectors; many have been classified as carcinogens, because they induce damage to genetic material. This paper was determined genotoxicity produced by extracts of peach (Prunus pérsica (L.)Batsch) grown in the municipality of Pamplonita, Norte de Santander. The comet assay was used to evaluate the genotoxic activity. For pesticide detection, gas chromatography (µECD) was used. The results indicate that the peach extract induces DNA damage in human lymphocytes, which variºes according to the dose of the extract; by chromatography, pesticides like endosulfan II and Beta BHC, which belong to the family of organochlorines were detected. Since the peach is an export product and high consumption in our region, the intake of this could become a risk factor for the population.

Keywords : Peach; genotoxicity; comet assay; pesticide.

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