Hacia la Promoción de la Salud
versão impressa ISSN 0121-7577
VELEZ ARANGO, Alba Lucía. THE RIGHT TO HEALTH: PUBLIC POLICIES AND THE PERCEPTION OF ACTORS AND POPULATION GROUPS: FROM WRITING TO REALITY. MANIZALES 2008. Hacia promoc. Salud [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.1, pp. 68-92. ISSN 0121-7577.
Objective: the identification of protection mechanisms and guarantees to the right to health within the public policy and regulatory instruments, as well as identifying the perception regarding the protection of this right by political actors (Policy Makers) and by the general healthcare system users in Manizales. Materials and methods: it is a descriptive study of qualitative and quantitative character conducted in the city of Manizales in 2008. The study population is made up by 422 users of the healthcare system belonging to the contributions regime, subsidized and unaffiliated population. 40 interviews were carried out with political representatives belonging to the executive, judicial, academic and legislative branches, as well as control and supervisory agencies. Variables: the protection and rights guarantee instruments in international and national laws, and government programs. Regarding the members of the General Healthcare System, a characterization of the population was carried out covering demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, the perception on the protection and scope of the right to health, rights knowledge as a citizen, knowledge on ways to protect the right, and their use as a means of access to the General Healthcare System, answer to health needs, pocket expenses, and access barriers and suggestions for ensuring protection of the right to health in Colombia. Findings from the actors interviewed: the perception of the right to health, extent of its guarantee in Colombia, observations on the guarantee of right. Findings: a difference between the norm and what is perceived by the actors and users regarding the protection and scope of the right to health.
Palavras-chave : Jurisprudence; legislation; public policies; healthcare system.