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Hacia la Promoción de la Salud

Print version ISSN 0121-7577

Abstract

MOLINA SOTOMAYOR, Edgardo; GONZALEZ JURADO, José Antonio  and  LEON PRADOS, Juan Antonio. EFFECTS OF TWO METABOLIC PHYSICAL COMPETENCE TRAINING PROGRAMS IN THE ELDERLY. Hacia promoc. Salud [online]. 2010, vol.15, n.2, pp.45-63. ISSN 0121-7577.

Objective: the aim of the study was to know the effects of two training programs on muscular strength, glycemia and blood pressure in the elderly. Material and Method: two groups were studied, Experimental Group 1, (G1) (n 11) with training in muscle strength against resistance, and Experimental Group Two (G2) (n=20) with aerobic training based on walking. Blood pressure (BP) was evaluated, and glycemia and estimated Maximum Strength were indirectly estimated with a maximum repetitions test in the following exercises: Leg Press (LP), Bench Press (BP), and Knee Extension (KE). Al variables at the beginning and the end of the training program were measured. Results: the results obtained showed a higher increase in the strength in G1; in BP (p<0,001), KE (p<0,001) y PL (p<0,05): while in G2 there were no changes. In G1 the post-program systolic BP decreased significantly (p<0,001) while in G2 there were no changes. Intra-session glycemia diminished considerably in both groups. The muscle strength program induced a greater increase in muscle strength and decreased the Systolic Blood Pressure more than the aerobic training.

Keywords : Elderly; training; muscle strength; aerobic exercise; blood pressure; glycemic index.

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