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Hacia la Promoción de la Salud

Print version ISSN 0121-7577

Abstract

PICO MERCHAN, María Eugenia; GONZALEZ PEREZ, Rosa Elena  and  NORENA ARISTIZABAL, Olga Patricia. ROAD AND PEDESTRIAN'S SECURITY: A THEORETICAL APPROACH FROM PUBLIC POLITICS. Hacia promoc. Salud [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.2, pp.190-204. ISSN 0121-7577.

Introduction: road security constitutes a great worry in those countries where, because of the accelerated city development and expansion processes, cars exceed pedestrians. Objective: To analyze the display of the elements that involve the theoretical and public policies component in the activation of joint efforts to recognize the articulation of different society actors involved in the problem. Materials and method: Proquest, Hinari, Ovid, Lilacs, Medline y the Scielo bibliographic index were exhaustedly reviewed. A list of keywords related to the topic which motivated this review which have been included in the observation window since the decade of the 60's to date. Approximately 35 publications were captured which met the case requirements. Results: It is evident since the 60's the synergy of the triad: human component, environment setting and that related to the vehicles to explain the genesis of road accidents. A fourth element is the exposure concept defined as the probability to have an event depending on the distance traveled; besides, there is the population conception and the road accident frequency analysis from the holistic view and the need to include the consensus or social pact component. The road security public policies have dealt with the concept of citizen culture as the process through which citizens understand rules and regulations in a voluntary way in order to reach the levels of citizen coexistence. Conclusions: It is necessary to propose road and pedestrian inclusive, comprehensive, security policies that widen the human behavioral environmental factor approach towards a population, citizen culture, and social risk view approach. It is necessary to think the public aspect from the social pacts established with politicians and governmental entities in the local and municipal contexts in order to achieve concordance with the elements that constitute it.

Keywords : Security; roads; research; theory; social politics.

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