Revista Colombiana de Reumatología
versão impressa ISSN 0121-8123
QUINTANA, Gerardo et al. Renal and neuropsychiatric manifestations in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and ribosomal P protein autoantibodies. Rev.Colomb.Reumatol. [online]. 2006, vol.13, n.3, pp. 198-205. ISSN 0121-8123.
Summary The ribosomal P protein autoantibodies are present in approximately 15% of patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). These antibodies were initially associated with lupus psychosis and neuropsychiatric diseases. Posteriorly, they were associated to a higher risk of renal and liver involvement in patients with SLE. Objective: to evaluate the serologic and clinic coexistence of ribosomal P protein autoantibodies and anti-dsDNA in patients with SLE with renal and neuropsychiatric manifestations. Materials and Methods: cases: 12 patients with neuropsychiatric and renal involvement (behavior changes 6, depression 4, hallucinations 3, cognitive impairment 2, seizures 2 and psychosis 2). Controls: 13 patients with active SLE, without evidence of neuropsychiatric manifestations. SLE was active in all patients during the process of evaluations. The anti-ribosomal P protein antibodies were determined by ELISA and the dsDNA antibodies by Crithidia luciliae´s immunofluorescence test. The renal function was evaluated by serum creatinin and urinalyses. Results: the median age was 39 years, 2 men/23 women. 8 cases (66.6%) and 7 controls (53.8 %) have renal involvement. 20% of patients were positive for anti P-ribosomal antibodies (5/25 patients: 2 controls and 3 cases). 36% of patients have anti dsDNA antibodies (30.7% controls and 41.6% cases). The presence of anti-ribosomal P protein antibodies was associated with anti dsDNA antibodies (p = 0.002) and with lupus nephritis (p = 0.046), but no association between ribosomal P protein autoantibodies and neuropsychiatric manifestations was found (p = 0.645). Conclusions: the P-ribosomal antibodies are associated with anti-dsDNA and lupus nephritis. This study did not show statistically significant associations between ribosomal P protein autoantibodies and neuropsychiatric manifestations in patients with SLE.
Palavras-chave : Systemic Lupus Erythematosus; anti-ribosomal P protein antibodies; anti-dsDNA; Lupus nephritis; neuropsychiatric lupus; lupus activity.