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Revista Colombiana de Reumatología

Print version ISSN 0121-8123

Abstract

ANGEL ARANGO, Luis Alberto; CALVO AYALA, Enrique; MUNOZ, Yesid  and  MESSING, Bernard. Lactase deficiency, lactose intolerance, and peak bone mass in colombian young adults. Rev.Colomb.Reumatol. [online]. 2006, vol.13, n.4, pp.271-286. ISSN 0121-8123.

Aims: to observe the relationship between lactase deficiency, lactose intolerance and peak bone mass in young adults. Design: analytic transversal descriptive study. Methods: in a random sample of students of Medicine at Universidad Nacional de Colombia Ca intake and lactose intolerance were established. Lactase deficiency diagnosis was made if expired hydrogen increased in ³10 ppm after a lactose 15 g load. Total body and lumbar bone mass determination with a Lunar DPX-DXA was practiced. Results: 54 males and 44 females were included, without differences in age or Body Mass Index (BMI) according to gender, but height, weight, and bone mineral density (BMD) were greater in men. In the lactase deficiency group the total Ca intake (p<0.032) and the Ca from milky sources (p<0.0185), weighted by gender, was lower than in the non deficient group. The total body and lumbar BMD was lower among the lactose intolerants (weighted by gender) (p<0.02). The lactase deficiency and lactose intolerant subjects (group1) had a lower Ca intake (p<0.05) and lower total body BMD (p<0.0155) than group 2 (deficient and tolerant), and group 3 (non-deficient subjects), with a spearman positive correlation between lumbar BMD and Ca intake by groups (p<0.05). Conclusions: there is an association between lactose intolerance and low Ca intake from milk and its derivatives, in young adults. The presence of lactase deficiency with lactose intolerance is associated with a reduction in peak bone mass.

Keywords : lactase deficiency; lactose intolerance; peak bone mass.

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