Revista Colombiana de Reumatología
versión impresa ISSN 0121-8123
GUTIERREZ, Viviana et al. Capacity of cells Hep-2, Hep-2000® Immunofluorescence and Hep-2000® Colorzyme, in the determination of ANAS and SSA/Ro, in the initial evaluation of patients with Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Disease. Rev.Colomb.Reumatol. [online]. 2007, vol.14, n.1, pp. 11-22. ISSN 0121-8123.
Introduction: The presence of antinuclear antibodies (ANAS) has been traditionally associated to conective tissue diseases. and their determination is an important tool in the diagnose of these entities. In the last years the Cells Hep-2 has been used .in the Inmunofluoresencia technique (IFI),. New cellular sustratos has been generated by genetic manipulation, denominated Hep-2000®. These allow the identification of the antigen Ro in the same procedure. The recent incorporation of enzymatic methods for the reading of the test, has generated a new technique called Colorzyme, This allows the use of the microscope of light that become the procedure in an economical and functional alternative in comparison with the conventional IFI. Objective: The present study pretend to establish the capacity of detection of ANAS in sustratos: Hep-2 and Hep-2000® for IFI and Colorzyme, in a group of patients with No Differentiated Conective Tissue Disease (NDCTD). Additionally compares the detection of the antigen Ro in Hep-2000® cells and confront the results obtained by the ENAS-ELISA technique . Materials and methods: The presence of ANAS were analyzed in the serum of 26 patients with NDCTD by the techniques: Hep-2 IFI; Hep-2000® IFI; Hep-2000 Colorzyme® and ENAS for ELISA Screening (with specificity for the auto antigens Sm, RNP, SS-A/Ro, SS-B/La, Scl-70 and Jo-1). Results: Hep-2000®: demonstrated a better capacity in order to found ANAS: 23 (88%) for IFI and 21 (81%) for Colorzyme, compared with 20 (76%) of Hep-2 IFI. All the patterns «classic» IFI was represented in the Hep-2 cells IFI; Hep-2000 IFI the homogeneous pattern was not observed. In Colozyme tecnique the nucleolar and citoplasmic patron was not observed. In all the techniques the predominant form of presentation was the speckle-fine pattern: 50% Colorzyme, 42.9% for Hep-2000® IFI and 34.6% for Hep-2 IFI Good correlations were obtained in the results among the technique Hep-2000® IFI and the Colorzyme (r=0.74 p <0.000) but not in the Hep-2 IFI substrate: 0.21 (p <0.03). The correlations among the patterns of IFI (r=0.6 p <0.000) and the dilutions (r=0.75 p <0.000) were better among the Hep-2000® substrates, compared with the Hep-2 cells (r=0.5 <p0.003). to establish the capacity of identification of the Ro antigen by Hep-2000®, results were compared with those obtained by ELISA specific for SSA-Ro. The Hep-2000® cells showed a sensibility of 66% by IFI and 33% by Colorzyme. Conclusions: The use of Hep-2 cells are a good alternative for the determination of ANAS However, Hep-2000® cells can be considered an useful and reliable substrate in Colombia. The Colorzyme abolish the use of IFI microscope, -an expensive and sophisticated instrument-. However the negative results for Ro in this substrate do not discarded the presence of antigens in this group of patients.
Palabras llave : ANAS; SSA/Ro; Immunofluorescence; Hep-2000; Hep-2; Undifferentiated connective tissue disease.