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Revista Colombiana de Reumatología

Print version ISSN 0121-8123


JALLER R, JJ; NAVARRO, E  and  VARGAS, RF. Osteoporosis and risk factors in a Latinoamerican male population. Rev.Colomb.Reumatol. [online]. 2007, vol.14, n.2, pp.99-105. ISSN 0121-8123.

Osteoporosis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in elderly people. While less common in men than women, about 1.5 million men over age 65 years in the United States have osteoporosis, and another 3.5 million men are at risk. In the last few years the burden of osteoporosis in men has been recognized as an important public health issue. Objetive: to determine the prevalence and the risk factors associated with osteoporosis in a group of male outpatients assisting to the Centro de Reumatologia y Ortopedia, in Barranquilla, Colombia, during 2002-2005. Methods: we performed a descriptive, transversal survey, including all males older than 20 years in our ambulatory clinic (n= 401), who don’t knew they have osteoporosis. We apply a test focused on risk factors related to osteoporosis, and each patient was invited to do a central densitometry measure, in spine and femur . Results: the mean age was 57.65 years (SD+/-: 14.7); 71.4% was older than 49 years. The general prevalence of osteoporosis was 17.96%, and osteopenia 34.41%. The highest prevalence of os-teoporosis was found in the age group of 70 to 79 years, and in the group of 40 to 49 years with 20.9%. Primary osteoporosis was present in 46,62% from all cases. In patients with secondary osteoporosis, 18.06% are smokers, 13.9% have used corticoids for at least 3 years, 11.1% have prostatic disease, 11.1% have rheumatoid arthri-tis, and when we compare this risk factors between men patient with and without osteoporosis, the dif-ference was statistically significance (p<0.05) in all of them. Conclusions: the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia was similar to those found by other groups. A high proportion of men had primary osteoporosis. An important number of men with osteoporosis had risk factors for this dis-ease. Additionally, we found two osteoporosis peaks by age, in the groups of 40 to 49 and 70 to 79, probably due to secondary cause.

Keywords : male osteoporosis; risk factors; sec-ondary causes; latinamerican population.

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