Revista Colombiana de Reumatología
Print version ISSN 0121-8123
VANEGAS, Adriana Lucía et al. Association between anticardiolipin titles and thrombotic events. Rev.Colomb.Reumatol. [online]. 2011, vol.18, n.2, pp. 88-95. ISSN 0121-8123.
Background: thrombosis is the main clinical manifestation of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS); anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL), anti-β2 glycoprotein-1 antibodies and lupus anticoagulant are the serological markers of the disease. Whether the titles of aCL or the presence of a "second hit" are risk factors for thrombosis is an unresolved issue. Objective: to evaluate the association between vascular thrombotic events with the presence of aCL. The relationship between thrombosis and the titles of aCL, as well as other prothrombotic factors was also assessed. Methodology: descriptive cross-sectional study. The clinical charts of patients with possible APS and at least one laboratory measurement of aCL were reviewed. The presence of thrombotic events and the existence of comorbid states (second hit) were also evaluated. Results: the records of 49 patients were assessed, 33 with a total of 36 thrombotic events, 23 had occurred on veins, and 13 on arteries. Though the majority of the patients that had titles of aCL above of 20 GPL or MPL were located in the group of thrombosis, there was no significant association between the titles of aCL and the presence of thrombosis. Neither significant association was found between thrombosis and the presence of other comorbid states. Conclusions: these findings allow suggesting the increased frequency of thrombotic events in patients with titers of aCL lower than 40 twice and also add information about the clinical characteristics of patients with aCL and suspected APS in our region; however, they are not enough to categorize them as a definitive risk factor of thrombosis.
Keywords : antiphospholipid syndrome; anticardiolipin; thrombosis.