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Revista Colombiana de Reumatología

Print version ISSN 0121-8123

Abstract

ARANGO, Christine et al. Juvenile localized scleroderma: is it a benign disease?. Rev.Colomb.Reumatol. [online]. 2017, vol.24, n.3, pp.145-152. ISSN 0121-8123.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcreu.2017.02.006.

Introduction: Juvenile localized scleroderma is a polymorphic disease. It is more prevalent in girls and has a significant morbidity. Extra-cutaneous involvement is common, and polyautoimmunity can reach 7%. The clinical characteristics of this disease in Colombian patients are currently unknown.

Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics, morbidity and outcomes in patients with juvenile localized scleroderma in different paediatric rheumatology clinics in Colombia.

Materials and methods: A descriptive, retrospective, and multicentre study was conducted on patients with juvenile localized scleroderma with a minimum of 1 year of disease onset, and 6 months of follow-up in 10 paediatric rheumatology clinics.

Results: The study included 88 patients, with a gender distribution of female 2.1: male 1. Mean age at disease onset was 7.1 years (0-14). Mean disease duration at diagnosis was 16.5 months (1-96). Sub-type distribution was, circumscribed (32.9%), mixed (31.8%), and linear (21.5%, that increased to 55% if linear lesions of the mixed subtype are included), generalised (11.4%), and pan-sclerotic morphea (2.3%). Aesthetic compromise was detected in 91%, with growth disturbances in 41%, and joint functional compromise in 32%. Extra-cutaneous involvement occurred in 22.7% and polyautoimmunity in 12.5%. Conclusions: Juvenile localized scleroderma is a polymorphic and unpredictable disease. It diagnosed late in most of the cases. Extra-cutaneous involvement suggests that is not a disease limited to skin. An early diagnosis, a dynamic treatment and a close follow-up helps to prevent, and detect, complications arising from the disease.

Keywords : Localized scleroderma; Morphea; Circumscribed scleroderma.

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