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Historia y Sociedad

versão impressa ISSN 0121-8417versão On-line ISSN 2357-4720


MESKE, Verónica  e  ANTONIUCCI, Melina. Sex in Dispute: Regulation and Bodily Materialization of Gender in a Context of Depathologization of Identity. Hist. Soc. [online]. 2021, n.40, pp.198-223.  Epub 08-Mar-2021. ISSN 0121-8417.

In this article, we recover critical social approaches to medicine and developments in gender, feminist and queer studies to characterize contemporary gender biopolitics. We wonder about the particularities that the local scenario presents in the regulation and materialization of gender, based on the processes of de-pathology and de-judicialization of Gender Identity framed in Law 26.743. From a qualitative research perspective, and through self-administered interviews with residents of the city of Mar del Plata who have participated in making visible the demands of transvestites, trans and non-binaries in the face of the lack of hormonal treatments involved in the comprehensive right to health. We will address the strategies for managing access to body modifications, noting the mediating role of the State in relation to the drug market, and the expectations and evaluations of the treatment received by health professionals. We will identify the tension in the meanings assigned to "sex" and "gender" between these demands and medical responses, noting that the field of medicine retains its authority in the regulation of "sex", mainly through diagnosis as a mediator of access to surgical interventions.

Palavras-chave : gender biopolitics; depathologization; sexual difference; materialization of the gender; medicalization.

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